Join em if ya got em AND when does a day end

Matter of Stephen & Mark 53 Assoc. LLC v New York City Dept. of Envtl. Protection, 2019 NY Slip Op 00072 [1st Dept. 2019]

This Court affirms the dismissal of the proceeding on an alternative basis argued to but not reached by the motion court (see Chanin v Machcinski, 139 AD3d 490 [1st Dept 2016]). Petitioner’s failure to join as a party the condominium board, which installed the backflow prevention device in dispute, constitutes a failure to join a necessary party (see Matter of Ferrando v New York City Bd. of Stds. & Appeals, 12 AD3d 287, 288 [1st Dept 2004]). Since the applicable statutory period has expired and the condominium board can no longer be joined, and proceeding in its absence would potentially be highly prejudicial to it, the proper remedy is dismissal of the proceeding rather than joinder of the condominium board (id.; see also CPLR 1001 and 1003).

The proceeding was also properly dismissed against respondent Department of Health for the independent reason that it did not make any final determination within the meaning of article 78 (see CPLR 7801[1], 7803[3]; Matter of Best Payphones, Inc. v Department of Info. Tech. & Telecom. of City of N.Y., 5 NY3d 30, 34 [2005]).

In view of the foregoing, we need not reach the issue of whether the proceeding was timely commenced because a filing made at midnight should be considered as having been made on the day leading up to the midnight. We note, however, that there is conflicting authority regarding whether a day ends at midnight, begins at midnight, or both ends and begins at midnight, and the parties have not cited to any cases involving the precise situation at issue here.

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