CPLR 3025(c): Conform to the proof

Metropolitan Lofts of NY, LLC v Metroeb Realty 1, LLC, 2018 NY Slip Op 02319 [2d Dept 2018]

The Supreme Court improvidently exercised its discretion in denying the plaintiff's motion to conform its complaint to the proof at trial (see CPLR 3025[c]). "[A]bsent prejudice, courts are free to permit amendment even after trial" (Kimso Apts., LLC v Gandhi, 24 NY3d 403, 411). "The burden of establishing prejudice is on the party opposing the amendment" (id. at 411). "Prejudice, of course, is not found in the mere exposure of the defendant to greater liability. Instead, there must be some indication that the defendant has been hindered in the preparation of his case or has been prevented from taking some measure in support of his position" (Loomis v Civetta Corinno Constr. Corp., 54 NY2d 18, 23; see Kimso Apts., LLC v Gandhi, 24 NY3d at 411). Here, in opposition to the plaintiff's motion, the defendants failed to show that the amendment would hinder the preparation of their cases or prevent them from taking some measure in support of their positions at trial and, therefore, the plaintiff's motion to conform its complaint to the proof should have been granted.

 

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