Premature dismissal (3211/3212 was a premature 4401)

CPLR 3212
CPLR 3211
CPLR 4401

Deonarine v Montefiore Med. Ctr., 2014 NY Slip Op 00299 [1st Dept. 2014]

Order, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Sharon A.M. Aarons, J.), entered July 19, 2012, which, to the extent appealed from as limited by the briefs, denied defendant's motion to dismiss the complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211 and 3212, and denied defendant's motion to preclude plaintiff's use of his deposition at trial, unanimously affirmed as to the denial of defendant's motion to dismiss, and the appeal therefrom otherwise dismissed, without costs.

The court properly denied the motion to dismiss the complaint inasmuch as it was based solely on defendant's assertion that plaintiff would be unable to make out a prima facie case at trial by reason of his anticipated "unavailability to testify as a result of his imminent deportation . . ." Accordingly the motion was actually a prematurely made motion for judgment pursuant to CPLR 4401, which has to await the close of plaintiff's case at trial even if plaintiff's ultimate success in the action is improbable (see Cass v Broome County Coop. Ins. Co., 94 AD2d 822, 823 [3rd Dept 1983]). The court's denial of defendant's motion to preclude was effectively an evidentiary ruling made in advance of trial and, as such, is not appealable (see Balcom v Reither, 77 AD3d 863, 864 [2nd Dept 2010]). We have considered defendant's remaining contentions and find them to be without merit.

Emphasis is mine.

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