Improper 3211 conversion and some jurisdictional stuff


Bokara Rug Co., Inc. v Kapoor, 2012 NY Slip Op 02269 (1st Dept., 2012)

The motion court improperly treated the motion to dismiss pursuant to CPLR 3211 as a motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint without providing adequate notice to plaintiffs (see Mihlovan v Grozavu, 72 NY2d 506, 508 [1988]). Plaintiffs did not deliberately chart a summary judgment course, even though they submitted some evidence in opposition to defendants' motion (see Wiesen v New York Univ., 304 AD2d 459, 460 [2003]). Thus, the motion will be reviewed under the standard applicable on a motion to dismiss (see Velez v Captain Luna's Mar., 74 AD3d 1191, 1191 [2010]).

The IAS court erred by dismissing the first, fifth, and sixth causes of actions (alleging fraud, negligent misrepresentation, and breach of contract, respectively) as time-barred. We agree with the motion court that to the extent that these claims are based on transactions or representations that occurred outside the applicable limitations periods, they are barred. However, in support of their motion to dismiss, defendants submitted an ambiguous affidavit and a sampling of invoices, and referred to documents submitted in another case. Defendants did not meet their initial burden of demonstrating that no sales of the type complained of by plaintiff were made by Kapoor Exports or related entities during the four-year limitations period applicable to the breach of contract claim (UCC 2-725; see Benn v Benn, 82 AD3d 548, 548 [2011]; Uniflex, Inc. v Olivetti Corp. of Am., 86 AD2d 538, 539 [1982]), or that none of the alleged misrepresentations in connection with such sales occurred within the six-year limitations period applicable to the fraud and negligent misrepresentation claims (CPLR 203[g], 213[1], [8]).

The IAS court properly denied so much of defendants' motion as sought dismissal on the [*2]ground of lack of personal jurisdiction over Vikram Kapoor. It is undisputed that there were other means of acquiring jurisdiction over his person other than personal service in New York. Thus, Kapoor cannot establish an essential element of the immunity defense to personal jurisdiction (see Olbi USA v Agapov, 294 AD2d 139 [2002]; Brause 59 Co. v Bridgemarket Assoc., 216 AD2d 200, 201 [1995]).

Defendants failed to meet their burden to establish that New York is an inconvenient forum for this action (see Islamic Republic of Iran v Pahlavi, 62 NY2d 474, 478-479 [1984], cert denied 469 US 1108 [1985]; Bank Hapoalim [Switzerland] Ltd. v Banca Intesa S.p.A., 26 AD3d 286, 287 [2006]). There is nothing in the record to suggest that the court did not properly consider the relevant factors (see Pahlavi at 479).

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