CPLR R. 3025(c): Amend the pleadings to conform to the facts

CPLR R. 3025(c)

Rodriguez v Panjo, 2011 NY Slip Op 01259 (App. Div., 2nd 2011)

In August 2009 the plaintiff moved pursuant to CPLR 3025(c) for leave to amend the complaint to conform to the evidence, and the defendants moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint. In the order appealed from, the Supreme Court denied the plaintiff's motion and granted the defendants' motion. We reverse.

"Leave to conform a pleading to the proof pursuant to CPLR 3025(c) should be freely granted absent prejudice or surprise resulting from the delay" (Alomia v New York City Tr. Auth., 292 AD2d 403, 406; see Worthen-Caldwell v Special Touch Home Care Serv., Inc., 78 AD3d 822). Mere lateness is not a barrier to amendment, but it will preclude amendment if it is coupled with significant prejudice to the other side (Worthen-Caldwell v Special Touch Home Care Serv., Inc., 78 AD3d at 822). Here, the Supreme Court improvidently exercised its discretion by denying the plaintiff's motion for leave to amend the complaint to conform to the evidence as Panjo, having himself been involved in the accident and having spoken to Estaban at the scene, was fully aware of the facts and that the accident involved three vehicles, not two vehicles as originally alleged in the complaint. Furthermore, the details of how the accident occurred, the number of vehicles involved, the make and year of the vehicle which hit the plaintiff's vehicle, and who operated the vehicles, were fully explored at Panjo's deposition. Accordingly, the defendants would not have suffered surprise or prejudice by an amendment of the complaint to conform to the evidence (see Rizzo v Kay, 79 AD3d 1001; Alomia v New York City Tr. Auth., 292 AD2d at 406).

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