US Bank Natl. Assn. v Madero, 2011 NY Slip Op 00505 (App. Div., 2nd 2011)
Where, as here, a plaintiff's standing is put into issue by the defendants, the plaintiff must prove its standing to be entitled to relief (see U.S. Bank, N.A. v Collymore, 68 AD3d 752, 753; Wells Fargo Bank Minn., N.A. v Mastropaolo, 42 AD3d 239, 242). "In a mortgage foreclosure action, a plaintiff has standing where it is both the holder or assignee of the subject mortgage and the holder or assignee of the underlying note at the time the action is commenced" (U.S. Bank, N.A. v Collymore, 68 AD3d at 753). "Where a mortgage is represented by a bond or other instrument, an assignment of the mortgage without assignment of the underlying note or bond is a nullity" (id. at 754). "Either a written assignment of the underlying note or the physical delivery of the note prior to the commencement of the foreclosure action is sufficient to transfer the obligation, and the mortgage passes with the debt as an inseparable incident" (id.; see LaSalle Bank Natl. Assn. v Ahearn, 59 AD3d 911, 912). Here, the plaintiff failed to demonstrate its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law because it did not establish that it had standing, as the lawful holder or assignee of the subject note on the date it commenced this action, to commence the action (see U.S. Bank, N.A. v Collymore, 68 AD3d 752; see also Suraleb, Inc. v International Trade Club, Inc., 13 AD3d 612; Tawil v Finkelstein Bruckman Wohl Most & Rothman, 223 AD2d 52, 55). Accordingly, the Supreme Court should have denied those branches of the plaintiff's motion which were for summary judgment on the complaint as to the Maderos and for an order of reference.
The Supreme Court properly denied those branches of the Maderos' cross motion which were for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against them (cf. U.S. Bank, N.A. v Collymore, 68 AD3d 752), or for a framed-issue hearing (see Gillman v Chase Manhattan Bank, 73 NY2d 1).
The bold is mine.