CPLR 3101(a)(4) Non-Party disclosure

CPLR § 3101 Scope of disclosure

(a)
Generally.

There shall be full disclosure of all matter material and necessary in
the prosecution or defense of an action, regardless of the burden of
proof, by:

(4) any other person, upon notice
stating the circumstances or reasons such disclosure is sought or
required.

Kondratick v Orthodox Church in Am., 2010 NY Slip Op 03877 (App. Div., 2nd, 2010)

Although the general rule is that there shall be "full disclosure of all
matter material and necessary in the prosecution . . . of an action"
(CPLR 3101[a]; see Auerbach v Klein, 30 AD3d 451), nevertheless,
"unlimited disclosure is not permitted" (Silcox v City of New York, 233
AD2d 494). A party seeking disclosure from a nonparty witness, in
addition to demonstrating that the disclosure sought is material and
necessary, must also set forth circumstances or reasons why disclosure
is sought or required from a nonparty (see CPLR 3101[a][4]; Tenore
v Tenore,
45 AD3d 571, 571-572). Here, the Orthodox Church in
America (hereinafter the appellant) satisfied this requirement. In light
of the claims made by the plaintiff in Action No. 1, the information
sought in the subpoenas by the appellant is relevant, material, and [*2]necessary, and unavailable through other
means. Accordingly, the Supreme Court should have denied the motion to
quash the subpoenas (see Tenore v Tenore, 45 AD3d at 571-572; Thorson
v New York City Tr. Auth.,
305 AD2d 666; Maxwell v Snapper,
Inc.,
249 AD2d 374).

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